What types of parquet are there?
What types of parquet are available?
The solid parquet or single-layer parquet consists of solid solid wood. In multi-layer parquet, the individual elements consist of two or three layers, with the top layer also consisting of solid wood (oak, beech, walnut, etc.).
In addition to solid and multi-layer parquet, however, there are also differences in dimensions. The parquet types then include strip parquet, mosaic parquet, finished parquet and so on. In summary, it can be said that the term (for example) strip parquet does not say anything about whether it is a solid parquet or multi-layer parquet. Rather, the term makes a statement about the dimensions.
A basic distinction is made between solid parquet (single-layer parquet) and multi-layer parquet.
Solid parquet or single-layer parquet
By far the oldest product among the parquet types is solid parquet (single-layer parquet). All single-layer parquet products can be sanded several times for renovation and provided with a new surface protection. Partial repairs are also possible on a waxed or oiled surface. This is particularly advantageous if you want your new parquet floor (or your existing parquet floor is already there) to be laid in rooms that are used a lot.
The solid strip parquet can be easily integrated into any apartment or house. Even if solid strip parquet does not enjoy the popularity it enjoyed a few years ago. With this product you get an extremely high-quality and valuable parquet. The dimensions are normally standardised and are: 250 and 1000 mm in length and are between 40 and 80 mm wide. The solid wood strip parquet usually has a thickness of 14, 15, 16 or 22 mm and can therefore be selected according to the required height (possible construction height to other floor coverings etc.). The parquet strips have an all-round groove and tongue which connect the individual parquet strips to each other. If the solid strip parquet is laid on a wooden subfloor (blind floor), the parquet is anchored with nails. Adhesive is applied to screed or dry subfloors. Fine sanding and further surface treatment, such as sealing, is carried out after installation.
The strip parquet is also available as multi-layer parquet.
The standard mosaic parquet consists of 8 mm thick wooden slats arranged in a pattern. The best known arrangements of mosaic parquet are the cube pattern, the herringbone pattern and the English (ladder-like) bandage. The wooden slats are glued onto a piece of wood from the production line and only need to be fitted into the "adhesive bed" when laying. Due to its low construction height, mosaic parquet is particularly suitable for rooms with underfloor heating, as this type of parquet has good heat permeability (however, it can lead to increased joint formation). The mosaic parquet is very resistant and hard-wearing and is therefore ideal for rooms with intensive use.
As with solid strip parquet, the mosaic parquet is also fine-tuned and the surface after laying made or applied.
Solid wood planks
Solid plank flooring is one of the oldest and simplest forms of wooden flooring. Only whole pieces of wood are used for laying, no other materials are used. The highest quality parquet floor available on the market. It is basically made of hardwood or softwood boards, which are screwed or nailed to the subfloor. A gluing of solid wood planks is not possible. Solid wood planks are technically dried, their surface planed and sanded. The surface of solid wood planks is also applied after installation.
Upright lamella parquet
As the name suggests, the wooden lamellas - whose dimensions correspond to those of the mosaic parquet strips - are placed vertically. They are glued to the subfloor as laying units. The upright lamellas result in a parquet thickness of up to 25 mm. This parquet is extremely robust and is therefore frequently used in commercial areas. This is why the terms "industrial parquet" or "multi-purpose parquet" are also used. The inexpensive flooring is also used for offices, restaurants, kindergartens and other public buildings as well as in residential buildings.
These are solid smooth edge parquet strips without tongue and groove, the dimensions of which vary depending on the manufacturer, but are oriented in length and width to those of strip parquet. Lamp parquet is mainly produced in thicknesses between 10 and 12 mm and is particularly suitable for renovation.
The wooden paving consists of small, non-impregnated wooden blocks that are laid to form paved surfaces. According to the definition of the Fachverband Holzpflaster, paving is made from sharp-edged blocks that are laid in such a way that a crosscut wood surface serves as a running surface. A floor made of wood paving is considered to be particularly hard-wearing. And it is ideal for production halls or warehouses. If laid in an apartment, a woodblock is something special and guarantees an eye-catcher. The surface is applied after laying.
Multilayer parquet or also ready-made parquet
Multilayer parquet elements are often referred to only as finished parquet. The reason for the designation as finished parquet is that the parquet elements with finished surface come from production. This means that no surface needs to be applied on site or after installation. This is particularly favourable, as the sanding process and surface treatment are not required.
The construction of multilayer parquet
The multi-layer parquet is available as two-layer or three-layer elements. The wear layer, also called "top layer" or "top layer", always consists of solid wood, for example oak, maple, walnut or beech. The underlying layers (backing layer) can also consist of plywood or wood-based materials.
The multilayer parquet is available in various dimensions. The thickness of the top layer is usually at least 2.5 mm. For three-layer parquet up to 4 mm. The three-layer elements are between 10 and 22 mm thick. Depending on the requirements (construction height), the most varied variants are possible. The thickness of the two-layer rods is generally 10 - 11 mm. Three-layer elements are between 100 and 240 mm wide and between 1,200 and 2,400 mm long.
Due to their multi-layered structure, the parquet elements are particularly dimensionally stable. Multilayer parquet is therefore also ideal for underfloor heating. The surfaces are applied at the factory in the form of sealants, oils or waxes and can be used immediately after installation. With a wear layer thickness of 2.5 - 4 mm, the floor can be sanded down two to three times depending on wear and tear and provided with a new surface protection.
While two-layer parquet elements are fully glued to the suitable subfloor, three-layer elements can be both glued and laid floating on a suitable insulating underlay. The elements are equipped with click systems (locking system) and the individual planks only have to be clicked into each other. Between the elements and the subfloor there is an underlay - e.g. ribbed cardboard, insulating mats, etc. - is inserted. A variety of patterns to choose from: "strip parquet", "ship's floor", "herringbone", "braided pattern", "plank" and much more.